Andorra





Basic Data

Andorra

Official Country Name: Principality of Andorra
Region (Map name): Europe
Population: 66,824
Language(s): Catalan, French, Castilian
Literacy rate: 100%

Located in the Pyrenees Mountains between Spain and France, the Principality of Andorra was the last feudal state in Europe until 1993, when it became a constitutional democracy. Its constitution transferred power from the two previously governing bodies, the French president and the Spanish bishop of Seu d'Urgel, to a popularly elected legislative body called the General Council of the Valleys. Although the President and the Bishop remain the titular heads of state, all governmental operations are now overseen by Andorran officials. Andorra's population is approximately 67,000, and the country boasts a literacy rate of 100 percent. Tourism accounts for approximately 80 percent of the economy, but international banking is also an important revenue source. Catalan is the official language, but Castilian and French are also spoken.

Andorran law fully guarantees freedom of the press. Although Andorra only encompasses 175 square miles, it supports two daily newspapers, El Periodic d'Andorra and Diari d'Andorra. Both are available online. There are also two major weekly newspapers, Informacions and 7 Dies. All four publications publish in Catalan from the country's capital, Andorra La Vella.

Two radio stations, one of which is state-owned, broadcast to approximately 16,000 radios, and six television stations reach approximately 27,000 televisions. Andorra has one Internet service provider.

Bibliography

"Andorra," Encyclopedia Britannica 2002. Available from http://www.britannica.com .

"Andorra," CIA World Fact Book 2001. Available from http://www.cia.gov .

"Andorra," TvRadioWorld 2002. Available from http://www.tvradioworld.com/ .

Diari d'Andorra, 2002. Available from http://www.diariandorra.ad .

El Periodic d'Andorra, 2002. Available from http://www.elperiodico.com .

Jenny B. Davis

Also read article about Andorra from Wikipedia

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