|Official Country Name:||Republic of Fiji|
|Region (Map name):||Oceania|
|Language(s):||English, Fijian, Hindustani|
Fiji is located in the South Pacific Ocean between Hawaii and New Zealand. Despite the periodic threats to Fiji's democratic status, the press enjoys one of the most liberal and robust environments in the South Pacific. Successive governments have tried to use legislation to control the media, but these efforts have met with strong resistance from an organized Fiji media community.
Fiji has three daily newspapers, all published in English. The Fiji Times , owned by News Limited, is the oldest and biggest. Its content appears online through the fijivillage.com Web portal. The Daily Post is partially owned by the government; its content also appears on the fijilive.com Web portal. The Fiji Sun is the smallest and newest. Its news is posted online through a dedicated Web site.
There are also a variety of weekly newspapers. Nai Lalakai has been published by the Fiji Times Group since 1962. The same company has published the Hindi newspaper Shati Dut since 1935. Na Tui , founded in 1988, appears weekly, and Sartag , a Hindi weekly, also has published since 1988. The weekly Fiji Republic Gazette highlights local business issues.
There are 53 radio stations, 13 AM and 40 FM, broadcasting to a 500,000 radios. One television station broadcasts to more than 20,000 televisions. There are two Internet service providers.
Though Fiji was known to the European world as early as the seventeenth century, it was not until 1874 that it was pronounced a British colony, well after it had established itself as an important trade outpost. Fiji became an independent nation in 1970, with a president serving as chief of state and a Prime Minister heading the government.
The legislative branch is a bicameral, 32-seat senate and a 71-seat house of representatives. The government has, however, has been interrupted by several attempted coups stemming from the ethnic segregation of Indian and Melanesian populations. The most recent unrest was in May 2000, when terrorists stormed the Parliament and held the Prime Minister and his government hostage for 56 days. The population is just under 850,000, with a 91 percent literacy rate. Fiji's instability has harmed its economy, turning away tourists and foreign investors in its primary cash crop, sugar.
Australian Press Council. Country Report, Fiji. 2002. Available from www.presscouncil.org.au .
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). "Fiji." World Fact-book 2001 . Available from www.cia.gov .
Fiji Sun . 2002. Available from www.sun.com.fj .
Jenny B. Davis